The Rise of Jewism

History

The photo shows auction of land where the Israeli capital Tel Aviv was later established  

Ottoman Government of Turkey had granted land to the Jews in Palestine on their petition after which mass migration of Jews started from Eastern Europe and Yemen.

The rise of Zionism, the national movement of the Jewish people started in Europe in the 19th century seeking to recreate a Jewish state in Palestine, and return the original homeland of the Jewish people. The end of the 19th century saw the beginning of Zionist immigration. The “First Aliyah” was the first modern widespread wave of Aliyah, or the migration. Jews who migrated to Palestine in this wave came mostly from Eastern Europe and from Yemen. This wave of Aliyah began in 1881–82 and lasted until 1903, bringing an estimated 25,000–35,000] Jews to Erez Israel. The First Aliyah laid the cornerstone for Jewish settlement in Israel and created several settlements such as Rishon LeZion, Rosh Pina, Zikhron Ya’akov and Gedera.

In 1891, a group of Jerusalem notables sent a petition to the central Ottoman government in Istanbul calling for the cessation of Jewish immigration, and land sales to Jews. The Ottoman government had granted land to the Jews.

Tel Aviv was founded on land purchased from Bedouins north of Jaffa. This is the 1909 auction of the first lots.

The “Second Aliyah” took place between 1904 and 1914, during which approximately 40,000 Jews immigrated, mostly from Russia and Poland, and some from Yemen. The Second Aliyah immigrants were both primarily idealists, inspired by the revolutionary ideals then sweeping the Russian Empire who sought to create a communal agricultural settlement system in Palestine. They thus founded the kibbutz movement, the largest settlement movement in Israel. The first kibbutz, Degania, was founded in 1909. Tel Aviv was founded at that time, though its founders were not necessarily from the new immigrants.

The Second Aliyah is largely credited with the revival of the Hebrew language and establishing it as the standard language for Jews in Israel. Eliezer Ben-Yehuda contributed to the creation of the first one Modern Hebrew dialect.

The photo shows the auction of land where Tel Aviv, the Israeli capital was established. (Information and Photo Courtesy: Wikipedia)

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