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Better the Counselling, Better the Career Choice

In Pakistan, including Sindh, the choice of careers is limited, and the system of education has created a significant disparity

The limited career choices are result of the class-based education system, lack of career counseling, and traditional norms


Career choice is one of the most critical decisions that an individual makes in his or her life. It is a choice that can determine the trajectory of one’s personal and professional life. Unfortunately, in many parts of the world, including Sindh and Pakistan, the choice of careers is limited, and the system of education has created a significant disparity. There are countless factors evolved and reasons behind career choices. Let’s discuss a few of them : the impact of the class system education on career choices, the lack of career counseling, and the traditional norms that limit career choices in Sindh and Pakistan.

Class System Education and Career Choices

The class system in education has created a big disparity in the career choices available to individuals in Sindh and Pakistan. Education is the key to success in most careers, and the quality of education available to individuals is directly related to their social status. The wealthy have access to better education and therefore better career opportunities than the less fortunate. The lack of access to quality education limits the career options available to individuals and perpetuates the cycle of poverty.

Furthermore, the education system in Sindh and Pakistan is geared towards producing graduates in specific fields such as medicine, engineering, and accounting. The traditional norms of career counseling suggest that these are the only viable career options, and any other career path is considered inferior. This narrow view of career options limits the potential of individuals and prevents them from pursuing their passions and interests.

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Career Counselling Session – Image Courtesy: Iqra University

Lack of Career Counseling

Another significant issue in Sindh and Pakistan is the lack of career counseling. Parents are often the primary source of career guidance, but many parents are not equipped to provide sound advice. The lack of career counseling means that children often choose careers based on their parents’ preferences rather than their own interests and aptitudes. As a result, many individuals end up in careers that they do not enjoy and are not suited for.

Traditional Norms

Traditional norms in Sindh and Pakistan dictate that certain professions are more prestigious than others. For example, becoming a doctor or an engineer is considered the ultimate goal for many students. The pressure to follow these traditional norms can be overwhelming and can limit the potential of individuals who have other interests and talents. Additionally, many students who are interested in pursuing careers outside of traditional norms face discrimination and are not given the same opportunities as those who follow the traditional path.


The limited career choices in Sindh and Pakistan are a result of the class-based education system, lack of career counseling, and traditional norms. It is essential for individuals to have access to quality education and career counseling so that they can make informed decisions about their future. It is also crucial for society to recognize that there are many viable career options outside of traditional norms. By breaking down these barriers, we can create a more equitable society where everyone has the opportunity to pursue their dreams and reach their full potential.


Shoukat LoharShoukat Lohar is Assistant professor in English at Mehran University of Engineering and Technology Jamshoro. He can be reached at


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