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Naoomal Makhija – A Wonderful All-Rounder Born At Wrong Era

Naoomal was born on April 17, 1904 in Karachi Sindh. The author looks at the career of the man who had opened batting for India in their inaugural Test against England in 1932.

Naoomal Jeoomal was a wonderful all-rounder born at the wrong era. He was the coach of Pakistani cricketers and national selector in 190s but had to migrate to India in 1971.  

By Abhishek Mukherjee

Growing up among quiz books with names of Indian cricketers of yesteryears, we often came across certain exotic ones like Motganhalli Laxminarsu Jaisimha, Commandur Rajagopalachari Rangachari, and Coimbatarao Doraikannu Gopinath (we had not been introduced to Sri Lankan full names at that age).

The one that had captured my imagination the most, however, was the wonderfully alliterative Naoomal Jaoomal Makhija.

Naoomal was a wonderful all-rounder born at the wrong era. He had earned a reputation as a wary grafter (though he exploded if he wanted to: according to Wisden he had once hit the first ball of a Ranji Trophy match from Mohammad Nissar for six); with a 5’9” frame, he was a canny leg-spinner and an outstanding fielder who manned cover-point; to complete the entire “set”, Naoomal was also a reserve wicketkeeper.

Having started his career well before the nascent days of Indian Test cricket, Naoomal played 84 First-Class matches, finishing with a tally of 4,140 runs at 32.59 with 7 hundreds and 108 wickets at 27.54 with 6 five-fours. Three of these matches were Tests — which were among the first 4 ever played by the country.

All India-Cricker-NaoomalEarly days

Naoomal was the son of the head clerk of the Karachi branch of a company based out of Bombay. He was a matriculate by qualification, and made his First-Class debut against Arthur Gilligan’s MCC in 1926-27 for Hindus and The Rest at Karachi, scoring 16. In his next match he top-scored with 83 against an attack consisting of Gilligan, Maurice Tate, Ewart Astill, and George Geary.

He was snapped up by Vizzy for when his team toured Ceylon in 1930-31. The tour allowed Naoomal to bat alongside the likes of Jack Hobbs and Herbert Sutcliffe. In the second match of the tour, against Dr. J Rockwood’s Ceylon XI at Colombo, Naoomal scored 91 not out as time ran out.

Naoomal’s name came up among the list of probable players for India’s maiden tour of England. He grabbed the opportunity with both hands, performing brilliantly in both trial matches. In the first, for Possibles against Probables at Lahore, he won the match almost single-handedly, top-scoring in each innings with 57 and an unbeaten hundred; he also picked up the wickets of Sorabji Colah, Feroze Khan, and Amar Singh in the first innings.

In the next one, again at Lahore, he picked up 5 for 33 for Rest of India against “India”; he also scored 49 in the first innings, and was selected for the tour of England.

All India Cricket team-
All India Cricket team 1932 – Naoomal Makhijani was member of this team.

Test debut

Naoomal started on a high, top-scoring with 64 against Sussex at Hove. He kept on delivering with both bat and ball, conjuring 5 for 87 for Worcestershire at New Road, top-scoring with 164 not out against Middlesex at Lord’s, and scoring 101 out of a team score of 205 against Derbyshire at Ilkeston. Between all this he also played the first ever Test for India at Lord’s.

What followed is a part of Indian folklore: bowling with fire, Nissar clean bowled Sutcliffe and Percy Holmes, fresh from their 555-run world record opening stand. Lall Singh ran out Frank Woolley brilliantly to reduce the hosts to 19 for 3; Douglas Jardine (79) and Les Ames (65) fought hard, but with Amar Singh, CK Nayudu, and Jahangir Khan all bowling brilliantly, England were bowled out for 259. Nissar finished with 5 for 93. Naoomal’s 3 overs went wicketless.

All India Cricket - Before leaving to England in 1932
Naoomal and other members of All India Cricket Team before leaving to England in 1932.

Naoomal did not have the privilege of facing the first ball for India (that honor went to Janardan Navle) but he did stride out to the center with the wicketkeeper. They added 39 for the opening stand before Bill Bowes ran through Navle’s defence, but Naoomal carried on in the company of Wazir Ali.

Jardine rotated his bowlers, and it took the leg-breaks of Walter Robins to trap Naoomal leg-before: he had scored 33. His score turned out to be the second-best of the innings (next to Nayudu’s 40) as Bowes and Bill Voce earned a 70-run lead for the hosts.

This time it was Jahangir Khan’s turn to rise to the forefront: he finished with 4 for 60, but Jardine (85*) and Eddie Paynter (54) settled things in England’s favor with an 89-run fifth-wicket stand. Naoomal picked up his maiden Test wicket when he had Freddie Brown caught by Colah.

Jardine set India 346, and once again the openers were off to a 41-run stand: however, immediately after Robins had snared Navle, Naoomal was bowled by Brown for 25. India were reduced to 108 for 7, and it took a belligerent 51 from Amar Singh to help them reach 187. The Indians lost the Test, but were far from humiliated.

Naoomal scored 1,297 runs on the tour at 30.88, finishing next to only Nayudu’s 1,618. He also ended up taking 17 wickets at 35.35; his strike rate of 54.8 was next to only that of Nissar’s 44.95.

He missed out on the India’s first ever home game at Bombay, but was brought back for the next one at Eden Gardens. After England piled up 403 (4 men, including Hedley Verity, registered fifties) Naoomal was out off Stan Nichols for 2. India reached 247 and had to follow-on, but this time our hero came to the rescue.

Dominating a partnership with Mushtaq Ali was never an easy thing to do, but Naoomal did exactly that: Mushtaq eventually fell for 18 in an opening stand of 57, and Wazir Ali fell for a duck. Naoomal had played away a formidable attack consisting of Nobby Clark, Nichols, Verity, and James Langridge.

All India Cricket team on arrival at Victoria Station
Naoomal and other members of All India Cricket Team on arrival at Victoria Station in April 1932

Jardine tossed the ball to Leslie Townsend, who eventually had Naoomal caught-behind for 43. Nayudu and Dilawar Hussain also batted grittily. Wisden wrote: “Perhaps Naoomal (Jaoomal) played the best innings but the stand between CK Nayudu and (Dilawar) Hussain, which realised 52, really saved India.” England had to chase down 82 in 30 minutes, and Bryan Valentine fell prey to Naoomal’s wiles as he ended up being stumped.

After putting up a fight in the first Test and drawing the second, the steam went out of the Indians in the third Test at Chepauk. An opening stand of 111 helped England reach 335 despite Amar Singh’s 7 for 86. Then Nichols bounced, Naoomal hooked, and the ball left a deep gash just over his left eye.

Naoomal had to be taken off in a stretcher. The bowler was booed and thrown pebbles at, and shouts of “Bodyline” could be heard from the crowd. Verity ran through the Indian line-up with 7 for 49 and 4 for 104; India lost by 202 runs; Naoomal did not bat in the second innings, and neither did he play another Test.

Ranji Trophy

Naoomal played in the first Ranji Trophy, making his debut for Sindh against Western India. He scored 63 and 43 and returned figures of 5 for 78 and 3 for 52, but his efforts turned out to be a lone hand: Western India won by 4 wickets, and Sind were knocked out.

He continued to play Ranji Trophy and the Bombay Pentangular (First-Class cricket opportunities in India were limited in those days). After Merchant had scored a classic 120 to take Bombay to 366 at Karachi, Naoomal helped Sindh overhaul them with an emphatic 149. The real performance, however, was still to come.

That epic against Nawanagar

The strong Nawanagar line-up boasted of Shute Banerjee, a young Vinoo Mankad, and the domestic champion Mubarak Ali; Banerjee and Mubarak reduced Sindh to 15 for 4 before Naoomal finally found some support in Jacob Harris, but at 63 for 6 the situation looked really precarious for Sindh.

There was support from SM Bhicaji and Khadim Hussain lower down the order, but none of them reached the forties. Sind were bowled out for 326, leaving Naoomal stranded on a career-best 270-minute 203 not out that included 30 boundaries. Sindh’s total still remains the lowest Ranji Trophy score (where a side has been bowled out) to have included a double-hundred.

[Note: There have been two Ranji Trophy scores lower than Sindh’s 326 that have included a double-hundred, but in none of the cases the side had been bowled out. Hrishikesh Kanitkar scored an unbeaten 207 out of Maharashtra’s 325 for 4 against Services at Aurangabad in 2003-04; and more recently, Cheteshwar Pujara scored 203 not out in Saurashtra’s 303 for 4 against Madhya Pradesh at Rajkot in 2012-13.]

Sindh’s 326 was also the lowest all-out total to have included a double-hundred at that time. Since then there have been 5 lower First-Class totals. The lowest among these is 282 by Namibia against Kenya in the ICC Intercontinental Cup match at Sharjah, where Gerrie Snyman scored a 201-ball 230.

Unfortunately, Sindh were knocked out in the semifinal despite securing a 142-run lead after being bowled out for 23 against Southern Punjab at Patiala as Lala Amarnath (4 for 2) and Nissar (6 for 17) bowled unchanged for 14 overs. With 418 runs at 104.50 Naoomal topped the runs chart for that season’s Ranji Trophy.

Leading Central Club of India against Central Provinces and Berar, Naoomal picked up a career-best haul of 5 for 18 before scoring an emphatic unbeaten 88. He finished the season with 566 runs at 80.85 and 15 wickets at 22.93.

Final days

Naoomal continued to play First-Class cricket till he was 40. In a Relief Fund match the season prior to that, Naoomal was good enough to finish with 4 for 76 and 3 for 35 against a line-up that boasted of DB Deodhar, the Merchant brothers (Vijay and Uday), Amarnath, Chandu Sarwate, KR Meherhomji, and KC Ibrahim.

Naoomal led Sindh towards the end of his First-Class career. In his last match, a Ranji Trophy encounter against Bombay at Karachi, Naoomal scored a duck and snared Khandu Rangnekar. Bombay, however, secured the crucial first-innings lead, knocking Sind out of the tournament.


Naoomal ran a sports goods and stationary shop after he quit First-Class cricket. He also umpired in First-Class matches (mostly in the Quaid-e-Azam tournament). His son Hari Naoomal played for Karachi University and Karachi Greens.

When BCCI invited the participants of the members of the first Test during the Jubilee Test at Bombay, Naoomal was the oldest member present as Cota (or Cotar, or Cotah) Ramaswami, the senior-most cricketer, was absent.

He passed away at Bombay on July 28, 1980 (though some sources, including Wisden, cite the death of his death as July 18). He was 76.

(Abhishek Mukherjee is the Deputy Editor and Cricket Historian at CricketCountry)

Some additional information: Naoomal played in two further Test matches against England in 1933-34, making two and 43 at Calcutta but having a disastrous match at Madras, where a deep cut over the left eye forced him to retire for five and to miss the second innings. He was trying to hook Clark. After his victim had been removed on a stretcher, the bowler had to endure shouts of ‘Bodyline’ and even had a pebble thrown at him. He picked it up and walked deliberately towards the crowd before placing it ceremoniously on the grass beyond the boundary. In the late 1950s he became Pakistan’s coach, and passed on the fruits of his experience to such players as Hanif, Nasim and Saeed.

He coached Pakistan in the late 1950s and became national selector from 1957. He moved to India in 1971.

All India Cricket Team - Pen Portraits- England April 1932
All India Cricket Team – Pen Portraits- England April 1932

Naoomal Jeoomal was the oldest Indian Test cricketer to attend the Golden Jubilee Test in 1980, which marked the fiftieth year of the founding of BCCI. The oldest living cricketer Cota Ramaswami was absent.


Courtesy: Cricket Country, ESPNCRICINFO, Wikipedia 

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