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Sindhi Music Maestros – Gope Chander and Mahesh Chander

Sindhi Music Maestros – Gope Chander and Mahesh Chander
Photo Courtesy: Sindhiwiki/Radio Sindhi Channel
Sindhi Music Maestros - Gope Chander and Mahesh Chander
Photo Courtesy: Sindhiwiki/Radio Sindhi Channel

Sindh music maestros Gope Chander and Mahesh Chander, not only present their legendary father Master Chander’s musical renderings with fervor and distinction but also have played a key role in spreading Sindhi music in the world and teaching the music to young generations – Gope Chander in America and Mahesh Chander in India.     

Gope Chander, settled in America since decades has kept Sindhi folk and modern music alive there. The most significant contribution of Gope Chander is to spread Sindhi music & culture in many parts of the world. He and his brother Mahesh Chander have established Master Chander Sangeet Academy. The main object is to promote & preserve Sindhi culture & music.

Gope encourages talented Sindhi artistes from India to visit and perform in USA. His children are also talented and have made their name in promoting ‘Sindhayat’ in U.S.A.

Sindhi Music Maestros - Gope Chander and Mahesh Chander -1It was Master Chander’s musical personality, supreme skill and deep passion that was responsible for bringing Tharu Shah, from being an obscure village, to the center stage of world. Master Chander has left an indelible mark on Sindhi music. He has played an inimitable role and when science enabled the world to record voices for posterity, Master Chander and Bhagat Kanwanram were the first choice of HMV, the sole music company of yesteryears to record their melodious songs in the early 20th century.

People in Sindh, at that time were literally crazy about Master Chander’s music. He gave voice to the travails of lovers and they used to dance under the spell of his songs. Every road, every street and every home echoed with the voices of Master Chander’s songs. His songs voiced the sentiments of every young lover and amidst such a musical environment.

Sindhi Music Maestros - Gope Chander and Mahesh ChanderMaster Chander, known as Tanseen of Sindhi Music, was blessed with the birth of Gope Chander on December 31, 1932. Later on, he was joined by his two brothers, Hari Chander and Mahesh Chander. The three brothers have carried on the legacy of their revered father, Master Chander and proven themselves true inheritors of the inimitable music of their late father. Hari Chander has proven his mettle in instrumental music by playing the accordion and has recorded many melodies in the company of guitarist Hazara Singh with HMV. Mahesh Chander has been one of his kinds and proven beyond any doubt that he is the best in Sindhi and Urdu ghazals. He has been blessed with a treasure of melodious tunes and songs and whoever has come in his contact has benefited immensely from this talented singer. Every connoisseur of music has acknowledged it in unequivocal terms and given him the title of ‘Master of all masters’.

Gope Chander has been witness to many ups and downs in his life time. When he was an infant of just three years, he had to face a host of health problems. Losing faith in traditional doctors, his parents decided to approach Saint Baba Saroopdas Maharaj of Halani Darbar. Gope Chander lived for one whole year at the darbar and with the blessings of revered saint he became hale and hearty and was allowed to join his family, once again.

In the year 1939, when Gope Chander was studying in III Std., he actively participated in the school’s annual drama and music competition. Despite being a kid, he excelled not only in his school’s competitions but proved his mettle in Kandiaro’s competitions too and was acknowledged as No. 1. He has been blessed with deep knowledge of music and seeing his keen interest, Master Chander took him along, whenever he went for a performance in the fourth decade of 20th century. His father used to make him stand on a chair and Gope in turn would enthrall the audience with his mellifluous voice. He used to sing Bahadur Shah Zafar’s ghazal ‘Lagta Nahin Hai Dil Mera, Ujre Dayar Mein’.

When he learned more about the nuances of music, he graduated to singing K. L. Sehgal’s ghazals. With the passage of time, his love and longing for music reached a crescendo. He used to forget taking even his meals at the stipulated times. He began composing fresh tunes on his harmonium. Music became his religion and songs, a food for the spirit. His father played a decisive role in devising his upbringing as music maestro. Master Chander used to teach him fresh tunes and musical notes, and worked hard to inculcate deep knowledge of music in Gope Chander.

After Partition, a film ‘Abana’ was made on the agony of Sindhi refugees in India and in one of its songs, Master Chandra had beautifully described the situation of Sindhi Hindus:

Pakhi Bagh Panhinjo  Chhdeenda Vanjan Tha

Ladeenda Vanjan Tha Hai! Hai! Pakha Purana!

(Birds abandon their garden – they migrate from their old nests)

Another such song of Mahesh Chander was

Malik Toon Dard Kateenden, Keen Chadeeden,

Har Handh, Har Hall Mein,  Ranval Rahbar Theeden!

(O’Lord! Lessen my sorrows, leave me not,

Everywhere, in every situation, Be my Guide!)

Master Chander’s every musical meet would normally begin with classical songs, like: Raag Darbari, Malkauns, Tarana, Raag Maru and then proceed to Sufiana renditions interspersed with the couplets from different poets.

Sindhi Music Maestros - Gope Chander and Mahesh Chander -2
Mahesh Chander

His company helped his children, Gope and Mahesh a lot. They became adept at various facets of singing, like Sindhi ghazal, Sindhi kalam, folk songs, mystic songs, Sindhi notes, Kaafi, Qawali and the art of couplet renditions. They also learned subtle differences of various musical notes and their different modes of singing. Sensing the mood of the times, both brothers opted for ghazal singing, Mahesh Chander composed many new tunes for various Urdu ghazals while Gope Chander bagged the title of our own Talat Mehmood, as the latter was considered the ultimate in ghazal singing, at that time.  He even recorded sixteen popular ghazals of Talat Mehmood in his own voice.

Gope Chander and Mahesh Chander’s permanent presence alongside their famous father earned them a new title of modern day Baba Guru Nanak with Bala and Mardana.

In 1955, the government of Sindh in collaboration with Master Club, Larkana invited Master Chander to visit Sindh and present few musical concerts. Master Chander was accompanied by his son Gope Chander, his student Lachhman and tabla nawaz Nihchaldas. Their tour began with first ever program at the shrine of Sai Qutub Ali Shah at Hyderabad. People were simply ecstatic on seeing them and listening to Master Chander’s legendary music. The railway station of Tharu Shah presented a never seen before sight, when thousands of people converged there to have a ‘dekho’ at Master Chander. They were accompanied by Dhol, Sharnai and various Sindhi musical instruments. Master Chander presented a program at the school ground of Tharu Shah. Then a program at Nawabshah, then Sukkur, Rohri, Jacobabad, Shikarpur, Ratodero and after that this melodious caravan reached Larkana.

The Larkana program was held at Jinnah Bagh and some twenty thousand people gathered to see Master Chander, perform live. The spectacle should have been seen to be believed. People had come from various nooks and corners of the district on different modes of transport, like horses, buggies, cars and some of them had even come on foot from far flung areas. The famous recording company of those days, HMV, wasted no time and recorded some fourteen songs of Master Chander and one of Gope Chander, too; which rafted in the air like this:

‘Rusu Na, Rusan Mein Chhahe Rana!’

(Sulk not, what is there in sulking, Darling!)

In 1968, Master Chander was invited by Seth Moolchand of Singapore, where he was accompanied by Gope Chander, Mahesh Chander and their mother, too. Gope Chander emphasizes the point that their mother, at that time had played the part of a director. The tour began with a show in Ceylon (present day Sri Lanka) arranged by Colombia Sindhi Association. Later on, they performed in Singapore, Jakarta (Indonesia), Manila (Philippines), Hong Kong and Kobe, Tokyo and Yokohama, the cities of Japan. Wherever a Sindhi association existed, they would insist that the famous trio, perform for them. The tour lasted for five months. Master Chander would sing Sindhi songs; Mahesh Chander, Urdu ghazals and Gope Chander would sing Sindhi marriage songs with movie songs and liven up the musical meets.

Gope Chander had also dabbled in business and one of his business trips took him to London, Paris and then to New York in 1974, where he had a chance to meet Nari Lakhani. A musical meet was arranged at the latter’s residence in New York, where many Sindhis of New York had also come to listen to his captivating voice. Another meet was organized by Nari Pohani Sindhi Association. Gope Chander liked the environment of New York so much that he decided to stay there, permanently.

Since then he still organizes two programs a year, in New York. One is held on Cheti Chand and another on the occasion of Diwali. A monthly program at Satya Narayan Sindhi Mandir is also held regularly for the connoisseurs of Sindhi music. Later on, his children also joined him at New York.

Music is in their genes and the children of Gope Chander are also gifted with sangeet by goddess Saraswati. Now it has become ‘Chander Family Sangeet Group’, comprising of Aarti Raj, Haresh, Anil and Gope Chander himself. Normally, they are engaged in business, but they do perform at various music shows on regular basis. Actually his musical meets have been playing the role of a bridge between divided Sindhis of India and Pakistan in alien shores of America. Be it World Sindhi Institute of Washington or annual convention of SANA, they make it a point to invite Chander Family Sangeet Group. Sometimes, Mahesh Chander from India also joins them. It is nothing less than a celestial experience for New Yorkers.

Gope Chander and Mahesh Chander have also been to Spain and performed at Madrid, Barcelona, Malaga, Tenerife, Las Palmas and Eldora. Nowadays, they emphasize on promoting Sindhi music. I was informed about an interesting feature of Sindhis of Spain, by Gope Chander. He told me, that it is the sole prerogative of each and every Spanish Sindhi, to converse in Sindhi language in their homes. I doubt, whether any other city of world can boast of anything like that. Their conversation in Sindhi also enables them to hide their business secrets from the local population. It is despite the fact, that there is no Sindhi school or Sindhi teacher in Spain. Mahesh Chander has tried his best to promote Sindhi music in Mumbai and for that he had prepared audio CDs and cassettes in his own voice and that of Gope Chander, Aarti Raj, Anil and Haresh Chander.

In order to promote Sindhi language and culture, Gope Chander had produced a TV show in New York, titled ‘Ho Jamalo, I love ‘Sindhi’ for one and half years, non-stop. The show was presented by Aarti Raj, Anil Chander and Haresh Chander. The program’s fame can be gauged from a simple fact that every Sindhi would simply rush to their homes, so that they did not miss a single episode of the show.


Click to watch Mahesh Chander rendering a popular song of Master Chander


In India, Mahesh Chander has established ‘Master Chander Sangeet Academy’, to preserve and promote pure Sindhi music. Every year, he celebrates Master Chander’s birthday, by performing live, on regular basis. He promotes new Sindhi singers, by training them and giving them chance to sing new songs, composed with his fresh tunes. Very often, Gope Chander would also come down to Mumbai along with his family, to participate in Master Chander’s annual birthday celebrations.


Click on Sindhiwiki link to watch Gope Chander’s interview and songs


Gope Chander is humility, personified. He always seeks blessings from his community, so that he could carry on with his services, even more. Ram Navani, the son-in-law of Master Chander had also proved his mettle in the field of music. May God enable Chander family to reach up to new heights of the zenith of music! History shall never forget the services of Master Chander, Gope Chander, Mahesh Chander, Aarti Raj, Anil Chander and Haresh Chander in the field of Sindhi music.


(This write up contains excerpts from an article written by Dr. Baldev Matlani, published in Sindhishan Magazine of India – Oct.-Dec. 2007 issue, and the information of Sindhiwiki, Encyclopedia of Sindhi)   


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