Point of View

What are the challenges facing Sindh?

Rich in natural resources and cultural heritage, Sindh faces a number of challenges

The challenges have adversely impacted the quality of life of Sindh’s residents

Mohsin Ali Kalhoro | Karachi Sindh

Sindh, a province in Pakistan, is home to over 47 million people, making it the second most populous province in the country. While Sindh has many natural resources and a rich cultural heritage, it also faces a number of significant challenges that impact the quality of life of its residents. Here I will discuss some of the major challenges facing Sindh.

Poverty and Inequality

Sindh is one of the poorest provinces in Pakistan, with a poverty rate of around 33%. Many people in the province lack access to basic necessities such as clean water, sanitation, and healthcare. There is also a significant wealth gap in the province, with a small percentage of the population controlling most of the wealth.


Education is a major challenge in Sindh. The literacy rate in the province is only around 60%, which is significantly lower than the national average. Many children do not have access to quality education, and the education system is often plagued by corruption and political interference.

Water Scarcity

Sindh is a water-scarce region, and many areas of the province are facing severe water shortages. This has led to conflicts between different communities over access to water resources, and has also had a negative impact on agriculture, which is a major source of livelihood for many people in the province.


Healthcare is another major challenge facing Sindh. The province has a high infant mortality rate, and many people do not have access to basic healthcare services. The healthcare system in the province is often understaffed and underfunded, which has led to a lack of resources and facilities.

Environmental Issues

Sindh is facing a number of environmental challenges, including air pollution, deforestation, and desertification. These environmental issues are having a negative impact on the health and well-being of the people in the province, and are also affecting agriculture and other industries.

Political Instability

Sindh has experienced political instability in recent years, with frequent changes in government and allegations of corruption and nepotism. This has led to a lack of accountability and transparency in the province, and has also hindered efforts to address the other challenges facing the province.

In conclusion, Sindh faces a number of significant challenges that impact the quality of life of its residents. While the provincial government has taken some steps to address these challenges, much more needs to be done in order to ensure that the people of Sindh have access to basic necessities such as clean water, healthcare, and education, and can live in a stable and prosperous society.




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