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Pakistan army kills 7 ‘militants’ on Afghanistan border


Islamabad urges Kabul to ensure ‘effective’ border management

Amir Latif Arain 

Karachi, Sindh

Pakistan claimed Wednesday that it killed seven suspected militants allegedly trying to infiltrate its territory from neighboring Afghanistan.

The army said that the movement of the suspected terrorists was detected Tuesday by security forces in the North Waziristan tribal district.

“The infiltrators were surrounded, effectively engaged and after an intense fire exchange, all seven territories were sent to hell,” it said in a statement.

A “large” quantity of weapons, ammunition and explosives were recovered from the slain militants, it added.

Read: Afghan ‘involvement in terrorism’ detrimental’ to regional peace, says Pak army chief

Pakistan said it has consistently been asking the Interim Afghan government to ensure “effective border management on their side of the border.”​​​​​​​

“The Interim Afghan Government is expected to fulfill its obligations and deny the use of Afghan soil by terrorists for perpetuating acts of terrorism against Pakistan,” it said.

Pakistan has seen a surge in terror attacks since the Taliban stormed back into power in Kabul in August 2022.

Islamabad accuses Kabul of not taking enough action against the “Afghanistan-based” militants who are involved in attacks on Pakistani security forces and civilians.

Afghanistan denies the allegation.


​​​​​​​ Aamir Latif is a senior journalist based in Karachi. He represents Anadolu, a Turkish news agency.

Courtesy: Anadolu Agency (Posted on 17.04.2024) 


Allah Warayo Behan – The Inmate of British Concentration Camps


Historian, Poet and Social Worker Allah Warayo Behan spent 10 years of his life in Concentration Camps

Farooq Sargani

The Hur Movement is a history of indigenous people of Sindh. But there is a lament: those individuals who sacrificed their lives for freedom remained in Concentration Camps even after the partition and creation of Pakistan. In this article, I will discuss the life of a prisoner Allah Warayo Behan, who spent ten years of his life in a British Concentration Camp. He opened his eyes in a small village ‘Gurang’ near Sanghar city of Sindh. It was the period when the adherents of Pir Pagaro began the guerilla war against the British Empire. His father Aghu Khan Behan, too was a follower of Pir Pagaro. The British government had previously enforced a Criminal Tribes Act and established Concentration Camps at several places and, afterward, martial law was imposed in 1942 in certain parts of Sindh.

The British authorities kept the Behan family in the concentration camp of Nawabshah, where he used to go to school in the settlement. In the early morning, they would play the anthem of the Queen of England. Allah Warayo Behan was the only prisoner who did not forget the lifestyle of concentration camps. Behan, an eminent writer and poet, narrated in detail all the atrocities of the British colonial rulers in his book titled “Qaid Kashala Zindagi.” One can understand the Hur movement and brutality of the British Empire by reading this book.

Read: The Hurs: Once a Criminalized Tribe in Sindh

“There was no facility in the concentration camp. Even there was no place for a toilet. Many people died in the camp due to inhuman conditions. Finally, permission was granted, and our whole family moved to another settlement in Shahdadpur and later to another one near Jhol town,” Behan writes in his book.

There was no facility in the concentration camp. Even there was no place for a toilet. Many people died in the camp due to inhuman conditions

“Unfortunately, even after independence, the Hur community didn’t get freedom and remained in concentration camps until April 1, 1952. After the restoration of Gaadi and installation of his son as Pir Paharo in February 1952, it was declared that the Hur community people will be freed on April 1. And at midnight, when the people heard the bell of freedom, they rushed to their villages, but there was nothing; all the lands were given to the Bugti tribe and retired military officers of Punjab,” he writes.

Allah Warayo Behan - Sindh Courier-2Subsequently, Allah Warayo Behan went to their ancestral village. There was nothing left; all the houses were devastated by the British army. With a broken heart, he settled in Jhol, and spent his entire life there.

He was a person who influenced the society of Sanghar and developed the intellectual class among the Hur community. With government aid, he visited foreign countries including Australia and Malaysia. Most of his writings relate to the Hur movement. He developed the anti-Lambrick stance. H.T. Lambrick was the surviving officer of the British Army and very cruel in nature. Although, in later life, Lambrick wrote many books on the history of Sindh, but he was so cruel that he burned the villages of Hurs and called them criminals as according to him they disturbed the law and order in Sindh.

Unfortunately, even after independence, the Hur community didn’t get freedom and remained in concentration camps until April 1, 1952.

In the 1980s, Lambrick wrote the novel “The Terrorist” trying to prove that the Hurs were involved in criminal activities. Actually, the Hurs were the freedom fighters who fought for freedom for their motherland.

Allah Warayo Behan was emotional about Hur movement. Being a nature lover, he struggled to save the Makhi forest. According to Allah Warayo Behan, “The Makhi forest was half devastated during the British era and the remaining parts of the forest were destroyed by the government in the name of Chotiari Dam. Now the whole region of legendary Mukhi Forest, has come under the Chotiari Dam. It has destroyed the natural life and ecosystem.

An interesting thing is that Behan was against the feudal class. He was a great writer, a poet, a liberal thinker, a progressive social worker, and more of a kind-hearted humanist. In short, Behan struggled to be seen as a writer, teacher, trainer, poet, and social activist. Most of his writings were on the Hur movement, published in various magazines. He also inspired others to write about their memories of concentration camps.

Concentration-Camps- Japan Times
Illustration Courtesy: Japan Times

Read: The British savagery against Hur Community in Sindh – Part I, Part-II and Part-III 

When late writer Atta Muhammad Bhanbhro wanted to get published the translation of Lambrick’s book “The Terrorist”, he refused to publish the book because it was based on false stories. Behan was a committed person; he started searching for archival material and conducted interviews with those people who were actually part of the movement. He come up with a rational opinion on the Hur Movement and proved that Lambrick was a cruel man.

As a teacher, Behan went far away to teach in remote areas, and sometimes children sitting under the tree to get an education. He found talented students, but due to poverty, they could not proceed further to get education. Sometimes Behan felt depressed about those children.

As a social worker, he started the ‘Dharti Dost Sangat’ movement for the protection of wildlife and the legendary Mukhi forest. According to Professor Muhammad Umar Chand, he was an amazing writer, traveler, and poet. His famous book is “Ranga Rang Malaysia”, an adventure in Malaysia. In his poetry book “Aedo Dard Ameek”, he describes his love for nature and motherland and criticizes the elite class.

One more thing in his poetry is a memory of those years when he was in concentration camps and his most adorned poem is ‘Awaiting the dawn’.

We, the people of darkest country,

Saw the enlightening dreams here;


The light of the sun came to us.

He was inspired by Peter Kropotkin’s “Message to Youth”.

Behan revolutionized the society of Sanghar by producing writers, poets, journalists, intellectuals, and scholars in various fields. He established the branch of ‘Sindhi Adabi Sangat’ in Jhol and also joined the gatherings of the Sanghar branch.

As a social worker, he started the ‘Dharti Dost Sangat’ movement for the protection of wildlife and the legendary Mukhi forest.

Allah Warayo Behan, who was born when the Second World War was going on and Sindh was under the tyrannical rule of the British Empire, struggled against the One Unit and Kalabagh Dam.

We lost Allah Warayo Behan on September 25, 2023, but he will remain in the hearts of people, and his contributions in the fields of literature and history will enlighten new thinkers.

Read: Policing Insurgency – The Hurs of Sindh


The author is a student of History and Archaeology.

Acute water shortage feared in Sindh


The water shortage during the Kharif Season 2024 is expected to 30 per cent but it could be more acute – Chief Minister Murad Shah

Staff Report  


Chief Minister Syed Murad Ali Shah fears that Sindh would experience acute water shortage during the Kharif season-2024.

“The water shortage during the Kharif Season 2024 is expected to 30 per cent but it could be more acute, therefore our agriculture sector would suffer,” he said while presiding over a joint meeting of Irrigation and Agriculture departments at the CM House on Tuesday April 16.

Expressing concern over the impact of climate change on water scarcity he said that this could be addressed by introducing a new cropping pattern that includes low delta crops aimed at reducing water consumption and increasing efficiency in agriculture.

He said that climate change impact was emerging in the shape of water scarcity. “In order to tackle water scarcity his government is planning a new cropping pattern that includes low delta, high-yield crops to reduce water intake and upturn agricultural efficiency.

Indus RiverRead: Sindh faces acute shortage of Indus River water

Shah said, “I want the Irrigation and Agriculture departments to sit together and chalk out a plan for changing the cropping patterns. The list of the proposed/recommended crops may be submitted to him for further discussion and approval.”

Murad Shah directed Chief Secretary Asif Hyder Shah to chair joint meetings of the irrigation and agriculture departments and work out plans for changing the cropping pattern so that the low-delta high-yield crops could be introduced.

The CM directed Minister Irrigation Jam Khan Shoro to ensure the efficient use of water by the growers. “This becomes a joint responsibility of the Irrigation and Agriculture departments to educate the farmer for efficient and effective use of water,” he said and added this was the reason his government has given priority to the lining of water courses.

Read: Sindh continues to suffer due to water shortage



Shifting Perceptions: Why is Southeast Asia tilting towards Beijing?


The tilting of Southeast Asian states towards China has been driven by factors like Washington’s misplaced priorities, weak response and investment etc.

Dr. Pervaiz Ali Mahesar

The Southeast Asian region holds a significant position among the great powers in geopolitical contestation. Each of these powers is trying to influence, cooperate, coerce, and leverage the region. In recent years, one could find several scholarly writings on what is happening in Southeast Asia and its relations with the growing powers in the region. In this fast-changing world, analysts are carefully watching the unfolding scenario as the competition between China and the US grows. Each country has its own way and approach to asserting or leveraging the changing geopolitical dynamics. If we look into the past, there has been a flurry of diplomatic meetings, and the exchange of ideas and agreements between Southeast Asian countries and China has doubled since 1991. In 2003, both parties agreed to have a strategic partnership and signed an FTA in 2010. While they had developed a Strategic Vision for 2030 that reflected more engagement and investment.

In the backdrop of this shift, the report published by the ISEAS-Yusof Ishak survey 2024 shows a dramatic shift in the perceptions of Southeast Asian countries towards China. This report showed that 50 percent of the people had a favorable view of China, while 49 percent of the people favored the US. However, this favorable view of Southeast Asian countries towards China has reignited a debate which raises few questions, for instance: is China edging over the US in Southeast Asia? Is the US disengaging from this region? Does China and the US are being wooed or attracted by the regional geopolitical dynamics? Does the US and China are being pushed towards a new cold war in the region? What future holds for the European Union and Indian engagement in the Southeast Asian region amidst growing Beijing-Washington geopolitical contestation? In the backdrop of this scenario, this paper looks into why the Southeast Asian region is tilting towards China rather than America?

Sheikh-Hasina-ChinaRead: China in South Asia: Bangladesh is Tilting towards China

As we know, in the recent past, the response of American engagement in the region has remained either issue-based or decreasing itself. Conversely, America is focused on Chinese democracy, trade, human rights, the Indo-Pacific region, and countering China in the region. In this context, American President Joe Biden had invited or hosted Southeast Asian countries in Washington, where it was pledged that America would spend 150 million dollars. This volume of spending is less than the Chinese pledge in 2021 to invest around 1.5 billion as development assistance to various countries. This demonstrates how American neglect of the region benefits Beijing.

A report published by the ISEAS shows a dramatic shift in the perceptions of Southeast Asian countries towards China. This report showed that 50 percent of the people had a favorable view of China

In addition to this, it has been observed that America is more interested in security engagement than economics in the Southeast Asian region. While China is a big economy, a big market, a natural neighbor, has common borders, and has less conflicting relations with Southeast Asian countries, China’s increasing trade and investment in the region, particularly in areas such as agriculture, health, technology, education, and cultural exchanges, demonstrates its growing influence and interest.

Growing Economic Interdependence

The Southeast Asian region’s economic interdependence on China has increased manifold. In context to this, their mutual trade volume has accelerated to 975.3 billion in 2022. While in October 2003, the 7th ASEAN-China Summit was held in Bali, Indonesia, in which various heads of state jointly declared a Strategic Partnership for Peace and Prosperity. Notably, China-ASEAN has inked a landmark action plan for three years. These action plans range from 2005–2010, 2011–2015, 2016–2020, 2021-2025. The new action plan (2021–2025) was adopted in November 2020 by the ASEAN-China Foreign Ministers. As an engine of global economic growth, Southeast Asia’s eleven nations combined GDP is $3.6 trillion, while sea routes like the South China Sea and Straits of Malacca hold great importance for the geostrategic trade of the world. In contrast to this, as a top investor in the region, China is also being seen as assertive, leveraging power with growing clout and suspicion in the region.

It was identified in the Lowy Study (2022) that, in contrast to growing Chinese economic influence in the region, America is showing a weaker response in economic domain but they have more influence in defense domain of the region. Despite the economic hardships and complaints about Chinese debt, Southeast Asian countries find their last resort in China as a lender. It doesn’t mean Americans have done nothing for Thailand, Indonesia, or other states. As the world’s second-largest economy, China is one of the major motivations for Southeast Asian states. Beijing is deeply engaged in this region in different ways; for instance, through the Belt and Road Initiative and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). Their mutual trade has increased from $641.5 billion in 2019 to $975.3 billion in 2022. These figures show that their trade has multiplied; hence, China and Southeast Asian states have become economically interdependent and one of the largest trading partners. Chinese Xi Jinping also emphasized the need to harness the potential of mutual trade and upgrade it to the next level.

 Increasing Strategic Partnerships

There are four geopolitical drivers shaping the shift in Southeast Asian countries: first, these states wish to keep a delicate balance of power (China and the US) in the region, secondly, avoid relying on a single power, thirdly, keep away from China-America geopolitical rivalry, fourthly, leverage by attracting and engaging both powers in the region. This region is also aware of the Chinese assertive behavior in the South China Sea and the growing economic clout in the region. There is a wide range of defense cooperation in areas of mutual interest like maritime security, terrorism, humanitarian assistance, non-proliferation, disarmament, and cybercrime. While these issues are navigated through efficient institutional mechanisms like the ASEAN Regional Forum, the ASEAN Defense Ministers’ Meeting, the ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Transnational Crime, and the ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Drug Matters. As envisioned in President Xi Jinping’s approach and policy, Beijing intends to foster trade and investment through a shared prosperous destiny; cultivate friendly relations; promote stability, peace, and non-interventionist policy. In a similar way, Southeast Asian states wish to keep a fine balance between two powers; maintain their sovereignty and integrity, maintain a strategic engagement, and navigate challenges in a more pragmatic and nuanced manner.

Bhutan-Tilt-ChinaRead: Why Bhutan’s tilt towards China may ‘significantly change’ regional dynamics

To sum up, apart from what America does in the region, the tilting of Southeast Asian states towards China has been driven by factors like Washington’s misplaced priorities, weak response and investment, issue-based approach, decelerating influence, and security-based approach/engagement in the region. While Beijing appears to be a favorable destination and more appealing due to natural borders, non-interventionism, fewer territorial conflicting ties, more economic engagement, tackling non-traditional security threats, and growing economic power/influence in the region, However, this doesn’t mean that the Southeast Asian states are not wary of Chinese assertive behavior in the South China Sea, the Taiwan factor, unresolved territorial disputes, debt crises, trade imbalances, and growing military might in their neighborhood. Keeping in view the fast changing geopolitics in the region, more favorable perceptions for China could be expected if America goes with the same approach to the region.

Read: Tehran is getting better infrastructure than New York – thanks to China


Dr. Pervaiz Ali Mahesar is Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Sindh, Jamshoro 





No need to renounce anything. No need to run to mountains. No need to run to forests. Let us leave these areas for the god’s happy creatures, animals, birds, rivers

Dr. Jernail S. Anand

I do not buy the idea that death can deliver you of all your problems and responsibilities. Such statements hold good in worldly terms only. Death, on the other hand, is a doorway to many possibilities which we have ourselves created while being alive. The greatest pity I feel for mankind is that they consider only life as worthy of living and debating, and death is considered and rejected from active human reckoning as a dreaded end to the journey. All this is born of the lack of training, or mal-training that we impart to our youngsters, who then, grow up with these complexes. Today, I am talking of two of these complexes which arrest man’s mind – Peace and Death.


Instead of Happiness, I have jumped to Peace. Because, happiness is a state of mind which is dependent on worldly projections. But peace has something to do with the emotional components of human life. Moreover, happy or not happy are transitory phases of life. Moment after moment, our state of mind keeps changing, and it is very difficult to keep track of man’s mind. So, the idea of Peace is central to man’s psychic and spiritual being.

I also tend to put together the idea of Truth and Peace as well. People who find out Truth, finally return to Peace. Look at the statue of Mahatma Buddha. You can see peace reigning on his face, in his eyes, and in his mind too. One more thing that comes to my mind is: if you can sit still, just reflect on reality, you may find truth, which will lead to Peace. ‘Still’ is the operative word here. Can we afford to remain ‘still’ in a world which demands so much activity from us, mental as well as physical? Stillness is an anti-clockwise movement for mankind and beyond my comprehension.


Look at the statue of Mahatma Buddha. You can see peace reigning on his face, in his eyes, and in his mind too.

Jean-Paul Sartre is not off the mark when he says: “Everything has been figured out, except how to live”. This figuring out is perhaps at the center of human failure to achieve a permanent state of happiness, and peace. The truth that we come across after reading scriptures, learning rhymes and listening to the lectures of spiritual gurus, if it satisfies us, we should be at peace. But, we are not. It shows the truth that we encountered was not absolute.  It was only half-truth and we remained unconvinced. That is why, we are still searching for it. And the quest appears to be endless.


It is too big a price for a man, for whom his body, his mind, his fantasies, his wishes, his desires are the real treasure at his command, if he has to give it all away. If this is the price of knowing truth and attaining peace, I think it is a losing bargain. What use is the knowledge of truth, and what use is the Peace if you have left Kapilvastu, if you have left your Yashodhara, and if you left your Rahul? Were they given to you by gods, to be abandoned in the pursuit of a spell called Truth?

And, there are hordes of people, who think that the only way to know the truth is to leave the world, to leave families, to leave kids to the care of elements, and go to forests, and there, meditate? What use is this knowledge, this light, for your family, for your people, and for yourself too, if you have reduced yourself to a LIVE DEATH?

a8a06f3e353e4f66a58be8491dac8a0cThere are hordes of people, who think that the only way to know the truth is to leave the world, to leave families, to leave kids to the care of elements, and go to forests, and there, meditate?

Is this the command of gods, that men should renounce this world? If so, why they would send you here? It is the way of the escapist, the one who runs away from life. Is life so horrible? Is your body so dangerous? Is your wife so scary? You have father and mother. Don’t they deserve your care when they grow old? How can you just leave everything to itself, them to themselves, and discard your body, your desires, your passions, your possessions, and move into the forests?  Do you remember, forests are meant for wild animals? Are you a wild animal to make your halt in a forest, thinking that you are unfit for the world?

If the forests are where knowledge resides, where gods revealed themselves to men, where you can meet truth, wisdom, light and ultimate peace, lions, panthers, deer and monkeys have been living there since times immemorial. Have they never encountered that celestial sight? I sense something is amiss in this philosophy of escape.


Escape. In search of god. In search of truth. In search of peace. Escape from your world. It is a coward’s way of dealing with existential truths. Brave people do not run away from the circumstances in which they are placed. Rather, they prove their mettle by fighting it out, and proving that nothing can check their march onwards.  If you are born to this earth, you have parents, you have a wife, and you have parented a few children, only cowards leave this life to camp in forest, and quest for an illusory peace. Truth has nothing to do with such actions. And, if you can go back into centuries, and have some contrivance to see, you will not see even one person, who defied the commands of gods, and who left the world in search of truth, seated in heaven.

Gods cannot be hoodwinked. They cannot be bribed. They cannot be deceived with words, as these people do with masses. The world can be made to believe that those who leave the portals of their homes, for the forests, are ‘great’ men, who ‘live’ on ‘charity’ of the people who suffer in their homes. But not gods. Gods know the runners, the renunciates, the escape mafia are liars, who have given a wrong direction to human thought and spiritual folklore.

I am not comfortable with this idea of renunciation. It is the result of wrong training that a man considers this world worse than a forest, and human beings worse than wild animals. If you think of going up the mountains, and live in the clouds, better commit suicide and join your forefathers. What are you doing here?

0_vH8gueeqqQtHEtwyRunning away from life is a cowardly act. We must not forget that life is a gift of gods, and should not be denied

The quest and realization of Truth puts us in a state of Peace. One way is to leave this world, and meditate on an invisible god, and then, come to some sort of conclusion that all is an illusion. It is very easy to say life is an illusion. Your birth is an illusion. Youth death is an illusion. Those who themselves turn illusion, talk of life like this. Man is not an illusion. Life is not an illusion. It is a part of a working ethics. A part of a living ethics of spiritual life. Gods have created this world. Those who renounce it, defy their diktat, and never find themselves at peace.


How can we attain Truth and Peace while living in this world? This is the ultimate question before mankind.

Running away from life is a cowardly act. We must not forget that life is a gift of gods, and should not be denied. In fact, some people find life too challenging, and they take the easier route. Not to face the challenges, and keep away from action, which might bring them to the law of ‘Karma’ once again. Not doing anything, is also a ‘karma’ in the vilest sense of the term, and more dangerous, and fraught with graver consequences.


We must love this life. It will not come to us again. We have parents, who love us. We have brothers and sisters whom we love so much. And, then, a wife, however difficult she may, after all she is there to give birth to your progeny. No temptation can allure you to leave these people, and go to forests in search of truth. Perhaps, you have not been told, Truth itself is an illusion which was created by wise men, to keep you mentally absorbed, and always feeling inadequate. Truth is the creation and you are a part of creation. Everything is a part of the creation. This creation is the truth. We, each of us, is partial truth in ourselves. So, where is the need to run after Truth?

b6f672c7f0d141e3b0ea6ff4a89fb29fNow, let us come to Peace. Can you tell me what noise is? Noise is the disturbance of Silence. Can’t we re-arrange noise, so that it does not disturb silence? So, whatever disturbs you, needs to be rearranged. We need to change the patterns of our life. We have been born with certain givens. In them, and in their proper arrangement, lies Peace. Only we have to learn what to place where. In other words, if we can learn the art of arranging things, prioritizing them, and if we know, what is important, prize it, and what is not important, discard it… if we evolve this consciousness within ourselves, and we make changes in our enviros, it will do. Just think what is the difference between a Rakaan [a woman of sophisticated taste] and a Kudher [ill-mannered woman]? A ‘kudher’ woman has all the things a ‘Rakaan’ has, only the ‘Rakaan’ knows how to create an aesthetic charm in their arrangement so that it looks beautiful to the eye, and feels soothing to the soul. Finally, it is all a matter of arrangement. Let us start teaching the Art of Arrangement. It will usher in Peace in your life. No need to renounce anything. No need to run to mountains. No need to run to forests. Let us leave these areas for the god’s happy creatures, animals, birds, rivers and clouds and concentrate on our world, our villages, our cities, and stop man from acting wolf.

Read: All about the Evil


Jernail Singh Anand-Sindh CourierDr. Jernail Singh Anand, President of the International Academy of Ethics, is author of 161 books in English poetry, fiction, non-fiction, philosophy and spirituality. He was awarded Charter of Morava, the great Award by Serbian Writers Association, Belgrade and his name was engraved on the Poets’ Rock in Serbia. The Academy of Arts and Philosophical Sciences of Bari [Italy] honored him with the award of an Honorable Academic.  Recently, he was awarded Doctor of Philosophy [Honoris Causa] by the University of Engineering and Management, Jaipur. Recently, he organized an International Conference on Contemporary Ethics at Chandigarh. His most phenomenal book is Lustus:The Prince of Darkness [first epic of the Mahkaal Trilogy]. [Email: anandjs55@yahoo.com]

Bibliography link:





The soul of Vietnamese history – Poetry from Vietnam


World events consist lots of changes with ups and downs. Please learn Vietnamese history well

Yen Son, a poet from Vietnam, the Land of Blue Dragon, shares his poetry 

Nguyen Phu- Vietnam- Sindh CourierNguyen Phuc Binh is a poet from Vietnam writes poetry with pen name Yen Son. Born on December 20, 1973, he lives in Long Xuyen city, An Giang, He is a teacher at Nguyen Hien High School, Long Xuyen City, An Giang.

Ngo Quyen Temple and Mausoleum in Hanoi
Ngo Quyen Temple and Mausoleum in Hanoi

The soul of Vietnamese history


World events consist lots of changes with ups and downs

Please learn Vietnamese history well

Review and contemplate every detail

Gain insight into the meaning of each sentence

“An egg cell” does not give birth to “egg-like”

A magic crossbow cannot be created by a god

Why did a three-year-old boy become Thanh Giong

Did an iron horse vigorously chase away invaders?


Please learn Vietnamese history well

The North was dominated for thousands of years – countless resentments

Read the page of the uprising of Lady Trung Trac

The sound of Me Linh Drum can still be heard echoing

The Bach Dang River was covered with enemy blood

Ngo Quyen’s tombstone will forever be preserved

“Thousands of years, the old mirror reflects ancient times”

Live in a way that demonstrates heroism


Living in a way that shows heroism

We must thoroughly study our ancestors’ history

“God” Poetry – Southern Kingdom… conquering the Tong army

Dong A’s pride intimidated the Mongols

Twice Tong was violated, twice it failed

Three Mongol battles, three ended in defeat

Poems and words of exhortation to the military generals of the past

Forever echoing throughout the country


Dear, Vietnamese people – like offspring of Fairy and Dragon

Everyone’s blood – Lac Long’s blood!

The little boy Giong, at three years old, defeated the enemy

Lady Trung went into battle in the guise of women

China and the Mongols – naturally violent armies

They also defeated by our ancestors

Now pondering the poem “God” and gazing at the sea and islands

Heartbroken, because of the sorrow of the country!


    Read: The Soul Flew Away – Poetry from Vietnam


Transmutation – Poetry from Italy


Is the transmutation of love refusing to die!

Maria-Errico-Italy-Sindh CourierMaria Errico, a poetess from Italy, shares her poems

Maria Errico, a poetess from Italy, has a degree in philosophy. She was Member of Fisd-Coni (Italian National Olympic Committee) during the ‘80s, responsible for Mind Disabled in Brussels for “Special Olympics”. Her publications include poems, novels, fairy tales, and collective poetic works, besides video poetry performed by important people like Alessandro Quasimodo and Hafez Haidar. She is winner of merit plaques, medals, and honor diplomas. Her works have been translated into Polish (Anthology), Russian, Serbian (Anthology), and Chinese.


Our friendship

Curious… beautiful and fragile

Like Venetian glass,

Only you and I know

It is unescapable

As urgent promise

Of everyday life.

Our friendship

Is the transmutation of love

Refusing to die,

Living in the sidereal sphere

Entanglement of our particles.

Our friendship

Is an infant love

Forgetful passion

Once burst out

Like nuclear blast…

Our friendship,

Now is sublime love!



A nun dressed in white,

Who lived confined…

Lockdown loved and hated.

Cosmic soul of high

Dimensional level,

Different from us,

Suffering molecules,

Lost, through the hours

Of this world, dreaming

“That shall Aurora be

East of Eternity!

One with the banner gay,

One in the red array”.

Precious oyster, from

Calvinist Grains raped,

If I shake your hand,

Poetry sets me alight.

Now, rest…

“Vanished is,

That Midnight by now

Leaving you dismayed”!



Stormed into my life,

Blinded darkness,

Making me,

a devastation field.

A sorcery life

The transmutation

Thou brought

Obliging me to learn

The Lesson of the Thorns

To resemble, the purified,

Sweetness of the Rose.

Thou was not a fate in my life,

Universe synchronized us

And, Time striking

For the Change.

Racked by regret

Looking not beyond

You in disguise,

Where have you stolen away?

My Liberating Hermetist.


Angela KostaPrepared by Angela Kosta writer, poet, essayist, literary critic, editor, translator, journalist

Read: Maybe One Day – Poetry from Albania

First ‘Kazan – Cairo’ Teleconference Held

As part of the VII festival ‘Handshake of the Republics’, the first teleconference “Kazan – Cairo” took place on April 15, 2024

By A. G. Voronin, Kazan

As part of the VII festival “Handshake of the Republics” The first teleconference “Kazan – Cairo” took place on April 15, 2024. The teleconference was attended by Ashraf Aboul-Yazid (Cairo, Egypt) – poet, writer, journalist, president of the Asia Journalist Association (AJA), representative of World Media Cooperation Protocol, member of the Egyptian Writers’ Union, vice-president of the Congress of African Journalists (CAJ), Founder of the literary series “Silk Road” and author of an encyclopedia on the countries of the Silk Road, published by the Bibliotheca Alexandria.

Ashraf Aboul-Yazid is the author and translator of 45 books, laureate of the Korean Manhae Prize in Literature and Gold Medal laureate of the Eurasian festival of festivals “LIFFT”. He has been selected as a jury member by various cultural organizations, including the International Songwriters Festival (Costa Rica, 2017), the Kazan International Muslim Film Festival (Russia, Tatarstan, 2021) and the Pan-African Writers Association for the African Poetry Prize (2022).

During the First “Kazan – Cairo” Teleconference-1
Hosts from left Shamil Fattakhov, Olga Levadnaya, Alexander Voronin and Venera Yakupova

The teleconference was also attended by Venera Yakupova , the president of the Association of Publishers and Distributors of Printed Products of the Republic of Tatarstan, editor-in-chief of the Kazanskie Vedomosti newspaper, member of the Union of Russian Writers, author of five books of journalism. Famous journalist Shamil Fattakhov has also attended the teleconference, he is a TV presenter and translator.

The organizers of the festival “Handshake of the Republics” called for this teleconference, its author and founder Olga Levadnaya, artistic director of the Kazan poetic theater “Dialogue”, and Alexander Voronin, chairman of the Kazan representative office of the Union of Russian Writers, deputy editor-in-chief of the literary magazine “Argamak, Tatarstan”.

The Handshake of the Republics 2024 festival will end on April 20 in Yoshkar-Ola with a gala concert of participants on the main stage of the Palace of Culture named after the 30th anniversary of the Great Victory.

Topics for the video bridge from the newspaper “Kazanskie Vedomosti” showed what is unique about the music and poetry festival “Handshake of the Republics”. Ashraf said that music is the magic carpet to carry poets’ words and cross boundaries. Handshake of the Republics Festival represents the real spirit of music as a language for all alphabets. No need to translate music as it is interpreting itself. In Handshake of the Republics Festival we will discover the Unity that music asks us to understand and perform.

The Egyptian guest added that it is important that the festival takes place on the eve of and within the framework of the BRICS summit meeting. It is great to have this festive event to remind us of factors that unite the peoples. In the summit we seek cooperation. In the festival we act like orchestra playing the same tune to entertain all spirits.

Being asked about the possibilities to enable  writers, poets, musicians, cultural figures, artists, sports figures respond to the situation that has developed in the world, to unite people, he answered that people of creative writings should encourage readers to seek peace, to find out the real route of happiness and to build dreams together.

Ashraf Aboul-Yazid

Answering the question of A. G. Voronin about translation problems today, the Arab guest explained: “Translation projects have two roads today; individual road where people like me choose their own projects to fulfill, and institutional projects where organizations plan and perform huge translation projects. Both are needed, but we still need more projects to be done in the field of translation.”

He mentioned to his translation of two epic poems by Abdulla Tukay, whose birthday is being celebrated on April 26, and once he was there when Tatarstan widely celebrated this 125th anniversary! He said that visiting Kazan helped a lot to understand the poetry of Tukay. He also suggested to arrange stay programs for translators to grow knowledge of texts an authors.

The good news that surprised Ashraf Aboul-Yazid, was the intention to perform a short drama on theatre arranged by Olga Levadnaya of his poem (A Street in Cairo) translated into Russian by Eldar Akhadov, the framework of the BRICS summit meeting.




Sharjah Art Museum a beacon of cultural enlightenment

The museum has been instrumental in bringing international art to the local audience, as well as promoting the works of regional artists on a global stage.

Abu Dhabi

Nestled in the heart of Sharjah, the cultural capital of the UAE, Sharjah Art Museum stands as a testament to the emirate’s unwavering commitment to nurturing the arts.

Since its grand opening in 1997, the museum has not only played a pivotal role in elevating the appreciation of art among the public but has also contributed significantly to nurturing a community aware of museums’ significance not merely as cultural destinations but as engaging and enjoyable educational spaces that enrich society.

The inauguration of the Sharjah Art Museum was propelled by the visionary aim of H.H. Dr. Sheikh Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi, Supreme Council Member and Ruler of Sharjah, to make art accessible to all. Central to the museum’s mission is to showcase the rich tapestry of cultural heritage alongside contemporary artistic expressions, underscoring the dynamic interplay between tradition and innovation in the region’s arts scene.

“Being the first purpose-built art museum in the gulf region, it had a very significant role to play in shaping the art and culture scene that has contributed immensely in the broader sense,” said Alya Al Mulla, the museum’s curator, underscoring the foundational philosophy of the museum.

Over the years, the museum has hosted an impressive array of exhibitions, numbering over a hundred. These exhibitions have spanned a diverse range of themes and epochs, from classical Islamic art to modern and contemporary works, ensuring that every visitor finds something that resonates.

The museum has been instrumental in bringing international art to the local audience, as well as promoting the works of regional artists on a global stage.

A standout feature of the museum since 2010 has been the Lasting Impressions series, an annual exhibition dedicated to celebrating the lifetime achievements of distinguished artists from the Arab world.

Notable names featured in this series include Abdul Qader Al Rais, Najat Makki, and Samia Halaby, among others.

“The exhibition highlights the contributions of pioneering Arab artists to the history of Arab art. Many of these artists would not have had the opportunity to have a museum show on this scale. Therefore, it is of utmost importance for us to present their life and legacy in the most authentic way possible, while simultaneously making it accessible to the public helping them understand and appreciate various art forms,” said Al Mulla.

The museum boasts an extensive collection that features some of the most renowned artists from the Middle East and beyond.

“Beyond aesthetic values, each work of art tells a story, reflecting the artist’s background, past experiences, and a social commentary on the region’s complex history,” reflects Al Mulla, emphasizing the museum’s role in preserving the legacy of artistic giants.”

Among its most celebrated collections is the permanent exhibition dedicated to the works of the pioneering Arab artists, Louay Kayyali, alongside other luminaries such as Saloua Raouda Choucair, Ismail Fattah, and Faiq Hassan.

Sharjah Art Museum has been a key player in bridging the gap between the art world and the public. Through its educational programs, workshops, and interactive tours, the museum has made art not just something to be observed but to be experienced and engaged with.

In 2023, it rolled out over 138 workshops engaging more than 2661 participants and more than 117 workshops targeting over 876 participants in 2022, while 2021 saw a little more than 12 workshops being carried out and supervised by artists attracting over 518 participants.

These initiatives have demystified the art world for many, making it more approachable and understandable to people from all walks of life.

Furthermore, the museum has become a platform for artists, both professional and amateur, to showcase their work. By hosting annual events such as the Sharjah Biennial, along with various exhibitions throughout the year, the museum offers artists the opportunity to gain exposure and connect with a wider audience.

Sharjah Art Museum’s efforts to bring people closer to art, by providing platforms for artists to showcase their works and by engaging the community through educational initiatives, have cemented its status as a beacon of cultural enlightenment.

As it continues to evolve, the museum remains a pivotal destination for those eager to explore the vibrant world of art in the region. It goes beyond merely organizing events, thoughtfully designing its programs to accommodate community members of all ages and abilities, including the elderly. Furthermore, the museum ensures that its facilities are both age-appropriate and disability-friendly, reinforcing its reputation as a welcoming space for everyone.

Beyond its role as a cultural hub, the museum serves as a beacon of hope and social cohesion, leveraging art and culture to enrich the community and bolster mental and physical well-being through collaborative efforts with experts, recognizing the profound influence of art on holistic health.

Published under the International Cooperation Protocol with Middle East Business | Life Magazine Abu Dhabi


UAE Digital School empowers 100,000 students in Iraqi Kurdistan

The Digital School, an initiative by Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Global Initiatives, has initiated a new phase of partnership with the Iraqi Kurdistan Regional Government.

Abu Dhabi

The Digital School, an initiative by Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Global Initiatives, has initiated a new phase of partnership with the Iraqi Kurdistan Regional Government.

The aim is to empower 100,000 students with advanced digital educational services and methodologies within three years, representing a significant step towards extending the school’s solutions to benefit students worldwide.

The new phase inauguration was marked by the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding by Omar Sultan Al Olama, Minister of State for Artificial Intelligence, Digital Economy, and Remote Work Applications, and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Digital School, and Alan Hama Saeed Saleh, Minister of Education in the Iraqi Kurdistan Regional Government.

Ahmed Al Dhaheri, UAE Consul-General to the Kurdistan Region, Shailan Khalil Junaid, Director-General of Educational Planning at the Ministry of Education in the region, and Dr. Waleed Al Ali, Secretary-General of the Digital School, were also present.

Supported by Dubai Cares, the new phase aims to reach 100,000 students and beneficiaries. It includes initiatives to train 1,500 digital teachers, develop a digital education platform in the Kurdish language, enhance the region’s official educational curriculum by transforming it into interactive digital content, and establish 100 digital education spaces within 50 schools.

Additionally, the initiative aims to provide digital education tools, including more than 1,650 computers and projectors, to facilitate effective learning environments.

Al Olama emphasized the UAE leadership’s directives focusing on strengthening cooperation with global governments and intensifying efforts to provide the best educational options for students. This includes equipping them with digital skills and modern technologies, thereby enhancing their future opportunities.

He noted that the launch of the new phase of partnership between the Digital School and the Iraqi Kurdistan Regional Government aims to build upon the successes of the first phase, initiated in January 2022. Al Olama stressed the keenness of both governments to expand partnership frameworks and explore new horizons.

Al Olama asserted that empowering students in Iraqi Kurdistan with advanced and future education opportunities is a fundamental goal of the partnership. Within comprehensive partnership projects, the Digital School seeks to strengthen support for disseminating digital education models and enhancing the quality and outcomes of education in the Iraqi Kurdistan region to keep pace with the rapid changes witnessed by the education sector globally.

Alan Hama Saeed Saleh, Minister of Education in the Iraqi Kurdistan Regional Government, highlighted the focus on providing Kurdistan students with a comprehensive future education experience, prioritizing skill development and continuous learning, which forms the core of the partnership with the UAE’s Digital School.

The goal is continuous collaboration to provide digital education solutions for approximately 100,000 students. Saleh expressed anticipation for further development and utilization of achievements to establish a future digital educational system in Kurdistan, equipping students with necessary skills to confront future challenges. He appreciated the positive role of the Digital School’s initiatives in developing the education sector in Iraqi Kurdistan.

Dr. Tariq Al Gurg, CEO and Vice Chairman of Dubai Cares, remarked, “The launch of the Digital School program in Iraqi Kurdistan marks another significant milestone in our commitment to providing sound education and disseminating digital skills among children and youth.”

Al Gurg added, “By embracing technology in education, we are paving the way towards a brighter and more prosperous future, where children and youth are empowered to succeed in an increasingly interconnected world. This program also embodies our commitment to promoting an inclusive learning environment and creating opportunities for the next generation to unleash their full potential, with the aim of enabling them to achieve academic excellence, realize their aspirations, and contribute positively within and outside their communities.”

The first phase of the partnership between the Digital School and the Iraqi Kurdistan Regional Government saw the implementation of several digital education programs and teacher training initiatives, as well as the establishment of digital education centers. These efforts covered over 14 schools and approximately 4,400 students.

During this phase, electronic devices were distributed, and training courses for teachers were conducted by the Digital School in collaboration with the University of Arizona.

The Digital School, initiated by His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President, Prime Minister and Ruler of Dubai, in November 2020, is the first integrated digital school of its kind. It aims to provide students with digital learning options in areas where the necessary conditions or resources for education are unavailable. Additionally, it offers a qualitative option for hybrid and remote learning in a smart and flexible manner, targeting underserved societal groups.

The Digital School continues to expand, serving over 160,000 beneficiary students in more than 13 countries. It has also trained over 2,500 digital teachers, with educational and training content provided in four languages: Arabic, English, French, and Spanish.

Published under the International Cooperation Protocol with Middle East Business Abu Dhabi