Home News WB Team Favors Construction of Small Dams in Sindh

WB Team Favors Construction of Small Dams in Sindh

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WB Team Favors Construction of Small Dams in Sindh
Inauguration of water supply scheme

WB team visits small dam sites at Mole-I and Mole- II, in Kohistan of Jamshoro district; inaugurates water supply scheme for three villages

Rehan Khan Khushik

Jamshoro, Sindh

The World Bank Task Team has favored construction of small dams as they can play a vital role in recharging the ground water in the Kohistan belt of Sindh province.

The WB officials highlighted the positive impact of small dams on the lives and livelihood of the local community, besides, positive impact on ecology of the area.

The WB team members expressed these views during their visit to the small dam sites at Mole-I and Mole- II, in Kohistan of Jamshoro district on Monday.

The World Bank support mission was led by Task Team leader Ahsan Tehsin for Sindh Resilience Project and Sindh Flood Emergency Rehabilitation Project. The members included Ali Tauqeer Shaikh, Ms. Yoko Okura, Mishka Zaman, Sana Ahmed, Farha Yamin Khan, Ms. Nihan Rafiq, and Ms. Amna Memon, Shams ul Haq Jafrani, Ijazul Shaikh and Shahid Suhail.

A water supply scheme at village Tero Khan Khaskheli, which was completed near Kamal Shoro small dam, was also inaugurated.

WB-Small-Dams-Sindh-CourierOn this occasion, the climate change expert of World Bank, Ali Tauqeer Sheikh said that Sindh province faced heavy rainfall and flash floods in 2022 after long span of drought of nine years.

“Through the construction of small dams, the impact flash floods will be reduced, ground water level will be recharged significantly and it will provide ample drinking water to local people, whereas people will utilize ground water for agriculture and livestock, which are the major sources of the livelihood in the area,” he said.

Ali Tauqeer Sheikh said that due to construction of small dams, the salinity of the ground water is decreasing and over all ground water has become sweet, and potable water needs can be fulfilled.

He observed that before construction of small dams, the people had faced hardships for drinking water for humans and livestock as well agriculture purposes due to frequently drought situation in Kohistan area of Sindh, but after construction of small dams, people have become prosperous.

Earlier, Ahsan Tehsin, task team leader, inaugurated the water supply scheme at village Tero Khaskheli.

On this occasion, Nasir Ali Panhwar, Social Safeguard Specialist of Sindh Resilience Project said that drinking water was one of the crucial problems of the Kohistan area.

He said that women have to travel long distances to fetch the potable water and that’s why after the request of community, the SRP Sindh Resilience Project provided the water supply schemes under the community support initiative.

He said that a total of 8160 gallons of water will be supplied to three villages – Tero Khan Khaskheli, Saindad Khaskheli and Musa Khaskheli by this water supply scheme on solar system.

He said that this scheme will supply water to more than1500 households of the area.

He said that these mole- I & II small dams were repaired under Sindh Emergency Project. These small dams were damaged in heavy rains and due to hill torrent floods in 2022.

Local residents of village Tero Khaskheli including Khamiso Khan, Pir Bux Khaskheli, Mohammad Urs, Mohammad Bux, Mohammad Anwar and Ashiq Ali thanked to World Bank for providing them potable water.

The World Bank mission visited upper mole small dams I and II in Kohistan repaired after floods 2022.

The World Bank mission met the local communities and exchanged views about their issues. Local residents Mohammad Bux Halmalani, Shahnawaz Hamlani told that the pattern of crops changed after construction of a small dams at the mole river.

They said that hundreds of acres of land remained barren in the area before construction of small dams and now they were cultivating multiple crops including vegetables and fruits and it was being supplied to Karachi. They said that onion is the famous crop of Kohistan.

They said that ground water was found at the depth of 300 to 320 feet but now groundwater was recharged and it was found at 80 to 120 feet depth and water has turned sweet, which earlier was brackish.

WB-Small-Dams-Sindh-Courier-2Acting Project Director Sindh Resilience Project Shakil Ahmed briefed the World Bank mission that 14 small dams were constructed in first phase and 56 small dams were constructed in Phase II at Jamshoro, Dadu, Thatta, Tharparkar and Malir Karachi districts of province under Sindh Resilience Project, irrigation department funded by the World Bank.

He said that to recharge the ground water, small dams were constructed in arid zones.

He said that the ecology and economy depend on rain; when rain never falls, the people of Kohistan migrate to the barrage areas and when rain falls, they return to their native places and use this water for drinking as well as agriculture.

He said that a total of 11 small dams which were damaged in recent floods in 2022, were repaired and made functional.

At the Mole -1 Small Dam site, Mohammad Ibrahim Daudpoto, additional director Sindh Resilience Project told that after the construction of Kamal Shodo dam, the groundwater has recharged now.

He said that the catchment area of Upper Mole 1, is 83.26 square miles, and it is Ogee spillway type dam. He said that the design discharge of the dam was 26180 cusecs, width of spillway 390 feet, floor level 1116 feet, Spillway crest level feet 1124, and highest flood level feet 1130.5. He said that  embankments top level is 1135 feet, spillway height 8 feet,  embankments height above river bed is 19 feet, benefited area 3990 acres, livestock numbers 2200, population 2600.

About small dam mole -II he said that Commencement date was April 2019 and completed July 2021. Its catchment area is 87.88 square miles. Some 4200 acres area benefited.

He said that nine different small dams were constructed on Mole River and sites were selected to construct seven more small dams.

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