World Literature

World Literature: The Feminine (N) – The River of Art

World Literature- The Feminine (N) - The River of Art-Sindh Courier-1In Arabic language the letter (N) or (Noon) as it is pronounced, and (ن), as it’s written, is considered to be a symbol of women, in the Arabic culture.

By Ashraf Aboul-Yazid

My new book entitled “The Feminine (N) – The River of Art” has been published in Cairo a few days ago. In Arabic language the letter (N) or (Noon), as it is pronounced, and (ن), as written, is considered to be a symbol of women, in the Arabic culture. In most of the Arabic verbs, the letter (ن) is added as a symbol of plural acting women in grammar.

This is the secret of the title, but the book reveals many other secrets, as well. It is natural that a book on women should have its unique nature, and the women unique secrets!

So in these critical times, we need to recall some lady icons, who are well known, but they also suffered in a way or another, to live and create. The first of all secrets, I refer here to, is that the icon of cinema – Marilyn Monroe, was not only having the famous image of seduction, but she suffered her private life, and wrote real poems narrating her sufferings.

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Marilyn Monroe

Marilyn Monroe’s private poetry, scribbled in notebooks and on loose-leaf papers, reveals a complex, sensitive being who peered deeply into her own psyche and thought intensely about the world and other people:

Only parts of us will ever

Touch parts of others –

One’s own truth is just that really — one’s own truth.

We can only share the part that is within another’s knowing acceptable

So one

Is for most part alone

As it is meant to be in

Evidently in nature — at best perhaps it could make

Our understanding seek

Another’s loneliness out


Life –

I am of both of your directions

Somehow remaining hanging downward

The most

But strong as a cobweb in the

Wind — I exist more with the cold glistening frost.

But my beaded rays have the colors I’ve

Seen in a painting — ah life they

Have cheated you!

In the realm of poetry, I also chose to introduce the first poetess in the history. Her surviving fragments (poems) are well-known and greatly admired.

As most of the characters mentioned in my book, Sappho suffered a lot. She was exiled to Sicily sometime between 604 BCE and 594 BCE and Cicero records that a statue of her stood in the town-hall of Syracuse. Unlike the works of her fellow poet, Alcaeus, Sappho’s poetry has very few allusions to political conditions. She devoted her life to take care of those young girls to prepare them for being brides. It is assumed that Sappho returned from exile at some point and that she spent most of her life in Lesbos.

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Palestinian poetess Fadwa Tuqan

The third revolutionary icon was Fadwa Touqan, the Palestinian poetess whose biography “A Mountain Trip, A Hard Trip” was my bible since I start reading its chapters during my early university years.

In that Biography, that she gifted me as a published volume when I met her in Muscat some 15 years ago, I learned a lot. Fadwa Touqan, who did not marry, was the bride of the Palestinian poetry, and lived a very tough life under the occupation of Israel. She witnessed how the occupying forces were throwing citizens out of their homes, and her poetry kept itself to be the diaries of her nation. When my youngest girl was born, she was given the name of Fadwa.

Away of poetesses, I wrote about four other women, who are artists. The first is Margo Veillon, who is considered one of Egypt’s best loved artists.

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Artist Margo – Young and Old

She was born in Cairo in 1907, the daughter of a Swiss businessman and his Austrian wife. She has spent much of her artistic career capturing the verve and movement of daily life in Egypt, until her absence in 2003. Her work is a representation of her life across the decades of her career as well as across a variety of media. Although Margo has lived part of her life in Europe, it is clearly Egypt that has held her imagination in all these long years of artistic innovation.

The stones, sands, and constantly changing light of the desert have been the inspiration for many years for another major line of artistic expression. Her exploration of all that can be seen, and sensed, in her collection that are now exhibited in permanent ballroom, with her name in the AUC.

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Frida Kahlo de Rivera

The second is Frida Kahlo de Rivera (July 6, 1907 – July 13, 1954), who was a real example of a suffering woman. The Mexican painter, perhaps best known for her self-portraits, Kahlo’s work is remembered for its “pain and passion”, and its intense, vibrant colors. Her work has been celebrated in Mexico as emblematic of national and indigenous tradition, and by feminists for its uncompromising depiction of the female experience and form.

Her work has also been described as “surrealist”, and in 1938 one surrealist described Kahlo herself as a “ribbon around a bomb”.

Kahlo suffered lifelong health problems, many of which stemmed from a traffic accident in her teenage years. These issues are reflected in her works, more than half of which are self-portraits of one sort or another. Kahlo suggested, “I paint myself because I am so often alone and because I am the subject I know best.”

The third woman artist was a real discovery when I found that the pioneering character of the Turkish art was Celile Hanim, the mother of the world known poet Nazim Hikmet.

She assisted her son during his years in prison, and used to demonstrate in front of the jail carrying a sign asking authorities to release him. In art, she was so brave to focus on nudes, and when she was giving one of her paintings to a friend or a family member she had one condition, to hang the painting not in the bedroom, but in the sitting room to be seen by everyone!

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Um-e-Kalthum, the well known singer

The seventh icon of “the River of Art” was Umm Kulthum, the Arab world singer number 1, who came from a tiny village in Egypt to be the symbol of classic singing forever. In the book, the discovery related to Umm Kulthum was that she also was a short story writer, some talent that not everyone was aware of. She completed a competition to write the missing end of a story published in a magazine, an won a pen for that, as a prize. Everyone knows that she could replace poets’ vocabulary in some of her songs.


About the Author

Ashraf Aboul-yazidAshraf Aboul-Yazid is a veteran Egyptian writer, poet and journalist. He is author of over two dozen books including novels, poetry books, travelogues, translations and children’s literature. He is also the TV analyst and Editor-in-Chief of Silk Road Literature Series.
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